REVISTA

Tramadol como analgésico postoperatorio en ratones

Valoración Valoración: 4 Estrellas

Descripción: Los autores no recomiendan el uso analgésico del tramadol en ratones sometidos a cirugía (laparotomía)

TITULO FUENTE ORIGINAL:

Efficacy of Tramadol as a Sole Analgesic for Postoperative Pain in Male and Female Mice

AUTORES:

Wolfe AM, Kennedy LH, Na JJ, Nemzek-Hamlin JA

REVISTA ABREV.:

J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci

AÑO:

2016

REFERENCIA:

54(4):411-9

RESUMEN ORIGINAL:

Tramadol is a centrally acting weak μ opioid agonist that has few of the adverse side effects common to other opioids. Little work has been done to establish an effective analgesic dose of tramadol specific for surgical laparotomy and visceral manipulation in mice. We used general appearance parameters to score positive indicators of pain including posture, coat condition, activity,... + Leer más

Tramadol is a centrally acting weak μ opioid agonist that has few of the adverse side effects common to other opioids. Little work has been done to establish an effective analgesic dose of tramadol specific for surgical laparotomy and visceral manipulation in mice. We used general appearance parameters to score positive indicators of pain including posture, coat condition, activity, breathing, and interactions with other mice, activity events (that is, the number of times each mouse stretched up in a 3-min period) used as an indicator of decreased pain, von Frey fibers, and plasma levels of corticosterone to determine whether tramadol at 20, 40, or 80 mg/kg prevented postoperative pain in male and female C57BL/6 mice. A ventral midline laparotomy with typhlectomy was used as a model of postoperative pain. In male mice, none of the markers differed between groups that received tramadol (regardless of dose) and the saline-treated controls. However, general appearance scores and plasma corticosterone levels were lower in female mice that received 80 mg/kg tramadol compared with saline. In summary, for severe postoperative pain after laparotomy and aseptic typhlectomy, tramadol was ineffective in male C57BL/6 mice at all doses tested. Although 80 mg/kg ameliorated postoperative pain in female C57BL/6 mice, this dose is very close to the threshold reported to cause toxic side effects, such as tremors and seizures. Therefore, we do not recommend the use of tramadol as a sole analgesic in this mouse model of postoperative pain.

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ENLACES DE INTERÉS

Enlace contenido de libre acceso: : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC[...]

Enlace contenido de libre acceso:: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/aalas/j[...]