REVISTA DESTACADA

Mediadores inflamatorios sistémicos en amputados con dolor crónico

Valoración Valoración: 4 Estrellas

Descripción: Una excesiva respuesta inflamatoria podría estar relacionada con el dolor de la extremidad residual amputa en personas.

TITULO FUENTE ORIGINAL:

Differential expression of systemic inflammatory mediators in amputees with chronic residual limb pain.

AUTORES:

Chamessian, A; Van de Ven, T; Buchheit, T; Hsia, H; McDuffie, M; Gamazon, E.; Walsh, C; Bruehl, S; Buckenmaier, C; Shaw, A

REVISTA ABREV.:

Pain

AÑO:

2016

DOI:

10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000728

RESUMEN ORIGINAL:

Chronic post-surgical pain impacts the majority of amputees, with more than half experiencing neuralgic residual limb pain. The transition from normal acute post-amputation pain to chronic residual limb pain likely involves both peripheral and central inflammatory mechanisms. As part of the Veterans Integrated Pain Evaluation Research (VIPER) study, we investigated links between systemic... + Leer más

Chronic post-surgical pain impacts the majority of amputees, with more than half experiencing neuralgic residual limb pain. The transition from normal acute post-amputation pain to chronic residual limb pain likely involves both peripheral and central inflammatory mechanisms. As part of the Veterans Integrated Pain Evaluation Research (VIPER) study, we investigated links between systemic inflammatory mediator levels and chronic residual limb pain. Subjects included 36 recent active duty military traumatic amputees with chronic residual limb pain and 40 without clinically significant pain. Blood samples were obtained and plasma concentrations of an array of inflammatory mediators were analyzed. Residual limb pain intensity and pain catastrophizing were assessed to examine associations with inflammatory mediators. Pro-inflammatory mediators including TNF-[alpha], TNF-[beta], IL-8, ICAM-1, Tie2, CRP, and SAA were elevated in patients with chronic residual limb pain. Across all patients, residual limb pain intensity was associated positively with levels of several pro-inflammatory mediators (IL-8, TNF-[alpha], IL-12, TNF-[beta], PIGF, Tie2, SAA and ICAM-1), and inversely with concentrations of the anti-inflammatory mediator IL-13, as well as IL-2 and Eotaxin-3. Pain catastrophizing correlated positively with IL-8, IL-12, TNF-[beta], PIGF, and ICAM-1, and inversely with IL-13. Significant associations between catastrophizing and residual limb pain intensity were partially mediated by TNF-[alpha], TNF-[beta], SAA, and ICAM-1 levels. Results suggest that chronic post-amputation residual limb pain is associated with excessive inflammatory response to injury or to inadequate resolution of the post-injury inflammatory state. The impact of pain catastrophizing on residual limb pain may be due in part to common underlying inflammatory mechanisms.

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