REVISTA

Los peces no sienten dolor y las implicaciones en la consciencia fenoménica

Descripción: Los peces podrían no disponer de las estructuras neurales necesarias para sentir dolor pero si para responder a estímulos nocivos

TITULO FUENTE ORIGINAL:

Fish do not feel pain and its implications for understanding phenomenal consciousness

AUTORES:

Key B

REVISTA ABREV.:

Biol Philos

AÑO:

2015

REFERENCIA:

30(2):149-165

DOI:

10.1007/s10539-014-9469-4

FECHA DE PUBLICACIÓN:

21/07/2015

RESUMEN ORIGINAL:

Phenomenal consciousness or the subjective experience of feeling sensory stimuli is fundamental to human existence. Because of the ubiquity of their subjective experiences, humans seem to readily accept the anthropomorphic extension of these mental states to other animals. Humans will typically extrapolate feelings of pain to animals if they respond physiologically and behaviourally to noxious... + Leer más

Phenomenal consciousness or the subjective experience of feeling sensory stimuli is fundamental to human existence. Because of the ubiquity of their subjective experiences, humans seem to readily accept the anthropomorphic extension of these mental states to other animals. Humans will typically extrapolate feelings of pain to animals if they respond physiologically and behaviourally to noxious stimuli. The alternative view that fish instead respond to noxious stimuli reflexly and with a limited behavioural repertoire is defended within the context of our current understanding of the neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of mental states. Consequently, a set of fundamental properties of neural tissue necessary for feeling pain or experiencing affective states in vertebrates is proposed. While mammals and birds possess the prerequisite neural architecture for phenomenal consciousness, it is concluded that fish lack these essential characteristics and hence do not feel pain.

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COMENTARIO

El autor plantea lo engañoso que es deducir que los peces tienen sentimientos sobre la base de respuestas de comportamiento a la estimulación sensorial. Considera que nuestras tendencias antropomórficas tienden a otorgar a los animales sentimientos y ello no nos han permitido avanzar en el concepto de la denominada conciencia fenoménica.