REVISTA

Comparación entre Carprofeno y una nuevo fórmula de Metamizol para analgesia postoperatoria en perras sometidas a ovariohisterectomía

Valoración Valoración: 3 Estrellas

Descripción: Ambos fármacos tuvieron una buena absorción y proporcionaron una analgesia adecuada de duración similar

TITULO FUENTE ORIGINAL:

Comparison of a new metamizole formulation and carprofen for extended post-operative analgesia in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy

AUTORES:

Kalchofner KS, Schwarz S, Whurmann R, Feldmann S, Hartnack S

REVISTA ABREV.:

Vet J

AÑO:

2015

REFERENCIA:

Apr;204(1):99-104

DOI:

10.1016/j.tvjl.2015.01.028

FECHA DE PUBLICACIÓN:

07/02/2015

RESUMEN ORIGINAL:

A newly developed slow-release tablet formulation of metamizole was compared with carprofen for post-operative analgesia in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy. Twenty-three dogs were randomly assigned to one of two groups, and administered 50 mg/kg metamizole PO (Group M) or 4 mg/kg carprofen PO (Group C) 1 h before anaesthetic induction and 24 and 48 h later.... + Leer más

A newly developed slow-release tablet formulation of metamizole was compared with carprofen for post-operative analgesia in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy. Twenty-three dogs were randomly assigned to one of two groups, and administered 50 mg/kg metamizole PO (Group M) or 4 mg/kg carprofen PO (Group C) 1 h before anaesthetic induction and 24 and 48 h later. Anaesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with isoflurane and fentanyl, after premedication with 0.005 mg/kg medetomidine and 0.3 mg/kg methadone IM. A blinded observer assessed post-operative sedation, and analgesia using a visual analogue scale, a dynamic interactive visual analogue scale, the Glasgow composite pain scale (GCPS), and a mechanical nociceptive threshold device (T = 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 18, 21, 24, 36, 45, 60 and 70 h after surgery). Rescue methadone was administered if the GCPS was >6/24 in ambulatory dogs, or >5/20 in non-ambulatory dogs. Plasma concentrations of test drugs were quantified. The dose range for metamizole was 39-56 mg/kg. At T = 0.5 h sedation scores were significantly higher in Group C and GCPS scores were significantly higher in Group M. Three dogs required rescue methadone (Group M, n = 1; Group C, n = 2). Vomiting occurred post-operatively in 45% of dogs in Group M. Carprofen and metamizole were both well absorbed; peak concentrations occurred within 4-24 h, and 4-16 h for carprofen and metamizole, respectively. Both drugs provided adequate analgesia of similar duration. No side effects were observed with carprofen while vomiting was frequent following administration of metamizole.

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