REVISTA DESTACADA

Hiperalgesia y aumento de la concentración alveolar mínima con sevoflurano inducida por opioides en la rata

Valoración Valoración: 5 Estrellas

Descripción: Estudio experimental aleatorizado en ratas sobre el aumento de la concentración alveolar mínima y la hiperalgesia en el uso de opiodes y el efecto preventivo de la ketamina

TITULO FUENTE ORIGINAL:

Hyperalgesia and increased sevoflurane minimum alveolar concentration induced by opioids in the rat: a randomised experimental study.

AUTORES:

Abreu M, Aguado D, Benito J, García-Fernández J, Segura IA

REVISTA ABREV.:

Eur J Anaesthesiol.

AÑO:

2015

REFERENCIA:

32(4):232-41

DOI:

10.1097/EJA.0000000000000188.

RESUMEN ORIGINAL:

Abstract
BACKGROUND:
Perioperative opioids reduce inhalational anaesthetic requirements. The initial hypoalgesia may, however, be followed by a rebound hyperalgesia.
OBJECTIVES:
To determine whether prior opioid administration influences inhalational anaesthetic requirements, which might be associated with opioid-induced hyperalgesia.
DESIGN:
A prospective,...
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Abstract
BACKGROUND:
Perioperative opioids reduce inhalational anaesthetic requirements. The initial hypoalgesia may, however, be followed by a rebound hyperalgesia.
OBJECTIVES:
To determine whether prior opioid administration influences inhalational anaesthetic requirements, which might be associated with opioid-induced hyperalgesia.
DESIGN:
A prospective, randomised, experimental study.
SETTING:
Experimental Surgery, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.
ANIMALS:
Seventy-nine adult male Wistar rats.
INTERVENTIONS:
Sevoflurane minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) and mechanical nociceptive thresholds (MNTs) were assessed at baseline and 7 days later following opioid treatment with remifentanil 120 μg  kg-1  h-1, buprenorphine 150 μg kg-1, methadone 8 mg  kg-1 or morphine 10 mg  kg-1 The duration of the effect of remifentanil on MAC and MNT was evaluated in addition to the preventive effect of ketamine 10 mg  kg-1 on remifentanil-induced hyperalgesia.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:
The effect of different opioid treatments on MAC and MNT was evaluated using analysis of variance (ANOVA).
RESULTS:
All studied opioids produced an immediate reduction in sevoflurane MAC, followed by an increase (16%) in baseline MAC 7 days later (P < 0.05), although the immediate MAC reduction produced by these opioids at that time was not different. Remifentanil produced a decrease in MNT (P < 0.05), which was associated with an increase in the MAC (P < 0.05) that persisted at 21 days. The effect of remifentanil on MNT and MAC was blocked by ketamine.
CONCLUSION:
Opioid-induced hyperalgesia was associated with an increase in the MAC in normal rats who had not undergone surgery. Both effects lasted 21 days and were prevented by ketamine.

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