REVISTA

Valoración del dolor visceral en caballos tras cirugía gastrointestinal de urgencia

Descripción: Desarrollo de una escala de valoración del dolor postoperatorio tras cirugía de cólico en caballos

TITULO FUENTE ORIGINAL:

Monitoring equine visceral pain with a composite pain scale score and correlation with survival after emergency gastrointestinal surgery.

AUTORES:

van Loon JP, Jonckheer-Sheehy VS, Back W, René van Weeren P, Hellebrekers LJ.

REVISTA ABREV.:

Vet J.

AÑO:

2014

REFERENCIA:

Jan 11. pii: S1090-0233(14)00006-9.

DOI:

10.1016/j.tvjl.2014.01.003.

FECHA DE PUBLICACIÓN:

01/04/2014

RESUMEN ORIGINAL:

Recognition and management of equine pain have been studied extensively in recent decades and this has led to significant advances. However, there is still room for improvement in the ability to identify and treat pain in horses that have undergone emergency gastrointestinal surgery. This study assessed the validity and clinical application of the composite pain scale (CPS) in horses after... + Leer más

Recognition and management of equine pain have been studied extensively in recent decades and this has led to significant advances. However, there is still room for improvement in the ability to identify and treat pain in horses that have undergone emergency gastrointestinal surgery. This study assessed the validity and clinical application of the composite pain scale (CPS) in horses after emergency gastrointestinal surgery.

Composite pain scores were determined every 4h over 3days following emergency gastrointestinal surgery in 48 horses. Inter-observer reliability was determined and another composite visceral pain score (numerical rating scale, NRS) was determined simultaneously with CPS scores.

CPS scores had higher inter-observer reliability (r=0.87, K=0.84, P<0.001), compared to NRS scores (r=0.68, K=0.72, P<0.001). Horses that survived without complications had significantly lower CPS and NRS scores compared to horses that were euthanased or had to undergo re-laparotomy (P<0.001). Breed and the location in the intestinal tract (small or large intestine) did not influence pain scores.

In conclusion, the use of the CPS improved objectivity of pain scoring in horses following emergency gastrointestinal surgery. High inter-observer reliability allows for comparisons between different observers. This will be of great benefit in larger veterinary hospitals where several attending clinicians are often involved in the care of each case.

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