REVISTA

Reducción de las necesidades de anestésicos inhalatorios por morfina sola o con tramadol en perros

Valoración Valoración: 3 Estrellas

Descripción: Una infusión continua intravenosa de morfina reduce las necesidades de anestésicos inhalatorios en un 25% en perros, llegando a un 40% cuando se añade tramadol.

TITULO FUENTE ORIGINAL:

Effects of continuous intravenous infusion of morphine and morphine-tramadol on the minimum alveolar concentration of sevoflurane and electroencephalographic entropy indices in dogs.

AUTORES:

Mahidol C, Niyom S, Thitiyanaporn C, Suprasert A, Thengchaisri N.

REVISTA ABREV.:

Vet Anaesth Analg.

AÑO:

2014

REFERENCIA:

Jun 25.

DOI:

10.1111/vaa.12185.

FECHA DE PUBLICACIÓN:

01/07/2014

RESUMEN ORIGINAL:

OBJECTIVE:
To compare the effects of continuous rate infusions (CRIs) of intravenous (IV) morphine and morphine-tramadol on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane, and on electroencephalographic entropy indices in dogs.
DESIGN:
Prospective study.
ANIMALS:
Eight young, healthy German shepherds, weighing...
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OBJECTIVE:
To compare the effects of continuous rate infusions (CRIs) of intravenous (IV) morphine and morphine-tramadol on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane, and on electroencephalographic entropy indices in dogs.
DESIGN:
Prospective study.
ANIMALS:
Eight young, healthy German shepherds, weighing 26.3 ± 3.1 kg (mean ± SD).
METHODS:
Anaesthesia was induced and maintained with sevoflurane. A standard tail-clamp technique was used for MAC determination. Within one anaesthetic period, MAC was first determined during sevoflurane anaesthesia alone (MACB ); then during morphine infusion (MACM ), (loading dose 0.5 mg kg-1 IM; CRI, 0.2 mg kg-1 hour-1) then finally during morphine-tramadol infusion (tramadol loading dose 1.5 mg kg-1 IV; CRI, 2.6 mg kg-1 hour-1 ) (MACMT ). At each change, periods of 45 minutes were allowed for equilibration. Stated entropy (SE), response entropy (RE), and RE-SE differences were measured five minutes prior to and during tail clamping.
RESULTS:
The MACB was 2.1 ± 0.3vol%. The morphine and morphine-tramadol infusions reduced MAC to 1.6 ± 0.3vol% and 1.3 ± 0.3vol%, respectively. MAC was decreased below baseline more during morphine-tramadol than during morphine alone (39 ± 9% versus 25 ± 6%, respectively; p = 0.003). All SE and RE and most RE-SE differences were increased significantly (p < 0.05) over pre-stimulation in all groups when the dogs responded purposefully to noxious stimulation. When no response to noxious stimulation occurred, the entropy indices did not change.
CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE:
In dogs, combined morphine-tramadol CRI decreased sevoflurane MAC more than morphine CRI alone. Entropy indices changed during nociceptive responses in anaesthetized animals, suggesting that entropy measurements may be useful in determining anaesthetic depth in dogs.

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Acceso al artículo online:: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vaa.12185