REVISTA

Efectos combinados de la ketamina y remifentanilo en las necesidades de sevoflurano en ratas

Valoración Valoración: 4 Estrellas

Descripción: La ketamina potencia de forma subaditiva el efecto del remifentanilo en las necesidades de anestésicos inhalatorios sin impedir la tolerancia aguda al opioide

TITULO FUENTE ORIGINAL:

Ketamine and remifentanil interactions on the sevoflurane minimum alveolar concentration and acute opioid tolerance in the rat

AUTORES:

Aguado D, Abreu M, Benito J, García-Fernández J, Gómez de Segura IA

REVISTA ABREV.:

Anesth Analg

AÑO:

2011

REFERENCIA:

113(3):505-12

DOI:

10.1213/ANE.0b013e318227517a

RESUMEN ORIGINAL:

BACKGROUND:Ketamine is used at low doses for its analgesic and antihyperalgesic properties when combined with opioids but also when opioid-induced hyperalgesia and tolerance appear. In this study we determined the interaction of ketamine and remifentanil on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane in rats and to determine whether ketamine may block acute opioid tolerance... + Leer más

BACKGROUND:Ketamine is used at low doses for its analgesic and antihyperalgesic properties when combined with opioids but also when opioid-induced hyperalgesia and tolerance appear. In this study we determined the interaction of ketamine and remifentanil on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane in rats and to determine whether ketamine may block acute opioid tolerance (AOT).
METHODS:Male Wistar rats were anesthetized with sevoflurane, and the MAC was determined before and after ketamine administration (10, 20, 40, and 80 mg kg(-1) or saline) alone or combined with remifentanil (120 and 240 μg kg(-1) h(-1), low and high doses, respectively). One additional group received the lowest ketamine dose after starting a remifentanil infusion. Finally, naloxone was administered to determine the potential action of ketamine on opioid receptors. MAC was determined from intratracheal gas samples, and tail clamping was used as a supramaximal stimulus. End-tidal anesthetic concentrations were assayed using a side stream gas analyzer. Statistical analysis was performed with an analysis of variance.
RESULTS:Ketamine and remifentanil dose-dependently reduced the MAC. Adding the low dose of remifentanil to ketamine did not improve the MAC reduction, whereas the high dose of remifentanil enhanced ketamine reduction in a subadditive fashion. Nevertheless, ketamine was unable to block the development of AOT to remifentanil at either dose. Finally, naloxone blocked the MAC reduction produced by ketamine.
CONCLUSIONS:A subadditive effect between ketamine and remifentanil was found on the sevoflurane MAC reduction rats. In addition, ketamine was unable to block AOT. The clinical relevance of these findings should be elucidated in future studies to reduce anesthetic requirements.

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Enlace revista:: http://journals.lww.com/anesthesia-analgesia/[...]